By Laura McPherson

Tommo So is a Dogon language with nearly 60,000 audio system in Mali, West Africa. As basically the second one complete grammatical description of a Dogon language, this quantity is a severe source for fixing the secret of Dogon's genetic association with different languages in Africa. Tommo So is an SOV language with separating nominal morphology and agglutinative verbal morphology; suffixes at the verb mark tense/aspect/negation in addition to topic contract. The phonology is delicate to degrees of verbal morphology in that variable vowel concord applies much less usually as one strikes to outer layers of the morphology. The tone procedure of Tommo So is of typological curiosity in either its phonological and syntactic instantiations. Phonologically, it's a two-tone approach of H and L, yet those certain tones distinction with a surface-underspecified tone. Grammatically, the lexical tone of a note is usually overwritten through syntactically-induced overlays. for instance, an inalienable noun's tone can be changed with L whether it is possessed through a non-pronominal possessor, and by way of both H or HL if the possessor is pronominal. The language has additionally innovated a sequence of locative quasi-verbs and concentration debris delicate to pragmatic components like simple task.

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The fact that phonetic [ə] would be reinterpreted as a phonologically high vowel is not surprising, given both the susceptibility of high vowels to consonant effects in the language and the fact that [u] is the default epenthetic vowel. It appears that high vowels are perceived by speakers as being somehow less firm than the nonhigh vowels, and hence a non-phonemic pronunciation like [ə] can be more easily attributed to high vowels than non-high vowels. In light of these facts, I treat [ə] as an allophone of /u/ and /i/ and not as a phoneme in and of itself.

Numeral) i. ‘all’ There is some variation in the placement of the numeral, shown by its double listing in parentheses above. 3. SG pretty=DEF donkey black=DEF=PL three-ADV ‘the pretty woman’s three black donkeys’ Main clauses and constituent order 13 The NP is the site of many interesting tonal interactions, since both demonstratives and adjectives force tone lowering on the preceding noun, be it simple or compound, while numerals do not interact tonally at all. Nonpronominal NP possessors cause tone lowering on the following noun.

In each of the above, it is understood that a main clause follows what is found in the first column. For instance, an illustration of (8a) would beː (9) Pédu=gɛ píy-aa kúú=gɛ jìjìb-ì. ’ Chapter 3 Segmental phonology This chapter deals exclusively with segmental phonology: phoneme inventory, syllable structure, phonotactics, vowel harmony, and phonological rules. For a description of tonal phonology, see the next chapter. All minimal pairs, frequency counts, and phonotactic generalizations are based on a lexical corpus of 8930 entries.

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A Grammar of Tommo So by Laura McPherson


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