By Tucker S. Taft, Robert A. Duff
This Ada ninety five Reference guide is largely just like the hot overseas ordinary ISO/IEC 8652:1995(E) for the Ada programming language. The thorough technical revisions and extensions documented during this handbook are outfitted on wide participation from the foreign Ada group and beneficiant aid through major associations. Over 750 submitted revision requests have been evaluated, and the ensuing improvements make Ada ninety five a very good language. the flexibleness of languages resembling C++, smooth good points corresponding to item orientation, and more desirable interfacing functions were further to the trustworthy software program engineering functions supplied and confirmed for over a decade via the predecessor model Ada eighty three; additionally, upward compatibility from Ada eighty three to Ada ninety five has been achieved.
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Extra info for Ada 95 Reference Manual: Language and Standard Libraries
1. 1). Such a derived type is a partial view of the corresponding full or actual type. 6). Dynamic Semantics 26 27 The elaboration of a derived_type_definition creates the derived type and its first subtype, and consists of the elaboration of the subtype_indication and the record_extension_part, if any. If the subtype_indication depends on a discriminant, then only those expressions that do not depend on a discriminant are evaluated. 1) performs any necessary type conversion as well. If the result type of the inherited subprogram is the derived type, the result of calling the parent’s subprogram is converted to the derived type.
5 Scalar Types Scalar types comprise enumeration types, integer types, and real types. Enumeration types and integer types are called discrete types; each value of a discrete type has a position number which is an integer value. Integer types and real types are called numeric types. All scalar types are ordered, that is, all relational operators are predefined for their values. 1 Syntax range_constraint ::= range range 2 range ::= range_attribute_reference | simple_expression .. simple_expression 3 A range has a lower bound and an upper bound and specifies a subset of the values of some scalar type (the type of the range).
The following are examples of ‘‘interesting’’ language-defined classes: elementary, scalar, discrete, enumeration, character, boolean, integer, signed integer, modular, real, floating point, fixed point, ordinary fixed point, decimal fixed point, numeric, access, access-to-object, access-to-subprogram, composite, array, string, (untagged) record, tagged, task, protected, nonlimited. Special syntax is provided to define types in each of these classes. These language-defined classes are organized like this: 8 9 10 11 12 all types elementary scalar discrete enumeration character boolean other enumeration integer signed integer modular integer real floating point fixed point ordinary fixed point decimal fixed point access access-to-object access-to-subprogram composite array string other array untagged record tagged task protected The classes ‘‘numeric’’ and ‘‘nonlimited’’ represent other classification dimensions and do not fit into the above strictly hierarchical picture.
Ada 95 Reference Manual: Language and Standard Libraries by Tucker S. Taft, Robert A. Duff