By Peter Heath
Islamic allegory is the manufactured from a cohesive literary culture to which few contributed as considerably as Ibn Sina (Avicenna), the eleventh-century Muslim thinker. Peter Heath right here bargains an in depth exam of Avicenna's contribution, paying detailed cognizance to Avicenna's psychology and poetics and to the ways that they prompted traces of theological, mystical, and literary proposal in next Islamic—and Western—intellectual and non secular history.
Heath starts via exhibiting how Avicenna's writings healthy into the context and basic background of Islamic allegory and explores the interplay between allegory, allegoresis, and philosophy in Avicenna's idea. He then offers a short creation to Avicenna as an old determine. From there, he examines the ways that Avicenna's cosmological, mental, and epistemological theories locate parallel, if various, expression within the disparate codecs of philosophical and allegorical narration. integrated during this e-book is a demonstration of Avicenna's allegorical perform. This takes the shape of a translation of the Mi'raj Nama (The ebook of the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven), a brief treatise in Persian as a rule attributed to Avicenna.
The textual content concludes with an research of the literary size Avicenna's allegorical concept and perform by way of studying his use of description metaphor. Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna is an unique and demanding paintings that breaks new flooring by means of making use of the thoughts of contemporary literary feedback to the research of Medieval Islamic philosophy. it is going to be of curiosity to students and scholars of medieval Islamic and Western literature and philosophy.
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Extra resources for Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna (Ibn Sina): With a Translation of the Book of the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven
AOS 91,4 (1971)467-76 and 92,1 (1972)1-18; Part I surveys the opinions of previous scholars concerning Avicenna's mysticism. Also, Gutas, "Avicenna," EncyclopediaIranica, 3,1:79-80, with bibliography supplied on p. 83; an overview of Avicenna's role in the development of ciifan (philosophical mysticism) may be found. in Toshihiko Izutsu's article "Ishraqiyah,"EncyclopediaofReligion, 7: 296-98. 23. The usage is standard; we shall, however, be using these terms within the particular context of Avicenna's thought rather than Plato's.
18 Philosopher Although Avicenna became a proficient courtier and renowned physician, his first love and chief passion remained philosophy. " However deep other interests may have been, the intensity of the emotional fervor and intellectual commitment that Avicenna brought to philosophy is indisputable. " In the same vein, al-Iuzjani records Avicenna's subsequent habit of engaging in philosophical writing and instruction after a full day of court business, followed by a few hours of evening relaxation.
29. Cf. the historical comments of Ernst Cassirer: But philosophy could never admit such a bifurcation [between myth and logic]. " If myth hides this meaning under all sorts of images and symbols, it became the task of philosophy to unmask it. Since the time of the Stoics philosophy has developed a special, very elaborate technique of allegorical interpretation. For many centuries this technique was regarded as the only possible access to the mythical world. It prevailed throughout the Middle Ages, and was still in full vigor at the beginning of our modern era.
Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna (Ibn Sina): With a Translation of the Book of the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven by Peter Heath