By Milton Wainwright (auth.)
An creation to Environmental Biotechnology presents an advent to the topic of environmental biotechnology. Environmental biotechnology refers back to the use of micro-organisms and different residing structures to unravel present environmental difficulties equivalent to the cleansing of pollution and clean-up of oil tanker spills. also, it refers back to the biotechnology of the rural atmosphere, in addition to using biopesticides and the appliance of microorganisms to the mining, steel restoration and paper industries. this is often the single finished introductory account of this material.
starting with an creation to microbial development, An creation toEnvironmental Biotechnology goals to supply the non-specialist with a whole evaluate of environmental biotechnology. it really is offered in a simple to learn type with illustrations and comprises widespread references to using greater crops in addition to micro-organisms in environmental biotechnology.
An advent to Environmental Biotechnology is aimed toward a non-specialist viewers, together with engineers and environmental chemists, and environmental scientists who've restricted wisdom of microbiology and biotechnology.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Environmental Biotechnology
Arguments about the safe release of this organism occupied a period of some five years. Ice minus strains were found not survive more than two weeks and their numbers eventually declined to nondetectable levels. Nor were the engineered strains ever found in adjacent fields. Ice minus strains also showed no competitive advantage over ice plus strains. In 1987, Monsanto used a tracking system to observe what happened to GEMS in a wheat fields in S. Carolina. The system was based on P. fluorescens which was carrying the lacZY gene.
It is also worth noting that carbon- and nitrogen-containing volatiles emitted from wood can stimulate the growth of fungi and that fungi often show a tropic growth response towards wood emitting such volatiles. Although the biotechnological implications of microbial oligotrophy have generally been ignored there is sufficient information in the literature to suggest that this growth strategy is of considerable economic importance. While the ability of bacteria to grow as oligotrophs has in the past generally been emphasized, recent work confirms that fungi involved in biodeterioration can also effectively scavenge nutrients and grow in apparently nutrient deficient environments.
Fungi may also be capable of growing as chemolithoheterotrophs, although this has yet to be conclusively demonstrated. Oligotrophic microorganisms can often supplement their nutrition by using a wide variety of substrates, such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and volatiles, like acetone and nitrogen in the form of gases such as ammonia, nitrous oxide and nitrogen dioxide. Air contaminants, including natural gas, and gaseous and volatile excretions from microorganisms, plants and humans, can also act as a source of nutrients.
An Introduction to Environmental Biotechnology by Milton Wainwright (auth.)