By Ralf Karrenberg

ISBN-10: 3658101121

ISBN-13: 9783658101121

ISBN-10: 365810113X

ISBN-13: 9783658101138

Ralf Karrenberg provides Whole-Function Vectorization (WFV), an procedure that enables a compiler to instantly create code that exploits data-parallelism utilizing SIMD directions. Data-parallel functions corresponding to particle simulations, inventory choice fee estimation or video deciphering require an analogous computations to be played on large quantities of information. with out WFV, one processor middle executes a unmarried example of a data-parallel functionality. WFV transforms the functionality to execute a number of situations instantaneously utilizing SIMD directions. the writer describes a sophisticated WFV set of rules that features a number of analyses and code iteration suggestions. He exhibits that this strategy improves the functionality of the generated code in quite a few use cases.

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2 describe techniques that can improve the situation even in such cases. Operations with Side Effects & Nested Data Structures. Operations with side effects introduce additional overhead due to being executed as guarded, sequential, scalar operations. To prevent execution of the operation for inactive instances, a guard is required for every instance: a test of the corresponding mask element, followed by a conditional branch that jumps to the operation or skips it. The following problem occurs if such an operation has an operand that is a nested data structure: If this data structure is not uniform, we have to generate code that extracts the sequential values from that data structure and creates values of the corresponding scalar data structure for each of the sequential operations.

Sierra, in addition, allows to break out of a vector context if desired, which is not possible in OpenCL or CUDA. PTX, the low-level instruction set architecture of Nvidia GPUs, includes a special, uniform branch instruction to allow a programmer or compiler to optimize control flow behavior. The #pragma simd extension also supports a modifier called linear, which is similar to our consecutive mark (Chapter 5). org/opencl 34 4 Related Work helps the compiler to identify and optimize memory operations that access consecutive memory locations.

This collection of sets of states allows us to reason about universal properties of the states. Most importantly, the alignment of traces that is ensured by postdominator reconvergence prevents cases where we would derive properties from values that belong to different loop iterations. 6 Vectorization Analysis We now define an Abstract Semantics (AS) that abstracts from the Collection Semantics by reasoning over SIMD properties instead of concrete values. In the following, the transfer functions · : (Vars → (D × B × A × L)) → (Vars → (D × B × A × L)) of AS (the abstract transformer) are defined.

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Automatic SIMD Vectorization of SSA-based Control Flow Graphs by Ralf Karrenberg

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