By Miguel Gama, Paul Gatenholm, Dieter Klemm
"The first publication devoted to the capability purposes and specified houses of bacterial cellulose (BC), this seminal paintings covers the elemental technology, expertise, and financial effect of this bulk chemical in addition to the firms and patents which are riding the sphere. It reports the biosynthesis and houses of BC, together with genetics and characterization; discusses the advancing know-how because it pertains to product improvement, bioreactors, and creation; and analyzes the commercial effect of BC on a various variety of functions, together with fabrics and biomaterials, organic and polymer sciences, and electromechanical engineering"--Provided by means of writer. learn more... content material: Biosynthesis of Bacterial Cellulose Inder M. Saxena and R. Malcolm Brown, Jr. influence of Cultivation stipulations at the constitution and Morphological houses of BNC Biomaterials with a spotlight on Vascular Grafts Paul Gatenholm, Kim Hoglund, Sara Johannesson, Maja Puchades, Christian Brackmann, Annika Enejder, and Lisbeth Olsson Large-Scale creation of BNC: kingdom and demanding situations Dana Kralisch and Nadine Hessler tricky Bacterial Nanocellulose Hydrogels in line with the Double-Network procedure Anamul Haque, Takayuki Kurokawa, and Jian Ping Gong Bacterial Cellulose floor differences Joao P. Silva, Fabia okay. Andrade, and Francisco Miguel Gama Nematic Ordered Cellulose Templates Tetsuo Kondo purposes and Products-Nata de Coco Muenduen Phisalaphong and Nadda Chiaoprakobkij Wound Dressings and beauty fabrics from Bacterial Nanocellulose Stanislaw Bielecki, Halina Kalinowska, Alina Krystynowicz, Katarzyna Kubiak, Marek Kolodziejczyk, and Manu de Groeve Bacterial Nanocellulose Hydrogels Designed as Bioartificial scientific Implants Dieter Klemm, Hannes Ahrem, Friederike Kramer, Wolfgang Fried, Jens Wippermann, and Raimund W. Kinne Bacterial Nanocellulose Biomaterials with managed structure for Tissue Engineering Scaffolds and Customizable Implants Paul Gatenholm, Joel Berry, Andrea Rojas, Michael B. Sano, Rafael V. Davalos, Kara Johnson, and Laurie O'Rourke Biomimetic Mineralization of Apatite on Bacterial Cellulose Thi Thi Nge and Junji Sugiyama Bacterial Nanocellulose as a based Platform for Conductive Biopolymers Fernando Dourado, Daliana Muller, Catarina Nunes, Carlos Rambo, and Guilherme Mariz de Oliveira Barra summary: "The first publication devoted to the aptitude functions and exact houses of bacterial cellulose (BC), this seminal paintings covers the fundamental technology, know-how, and monetary impression of this bulk chemical in addition to the firms and patents which are riding the sector. It experiences the biosynthesis and homes of BC, together with genetics and characterization; discusses the advancing expertise because it pertains to product improvement, bioreactors, and construction; and analyzes the industrial influence of BC on a various diversity of functions, together with fabrics and biomaterials, organic and polymer sciences, and electromechanical engineering"--Provided by means of writer
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Extra info for Bacterial nanocellulose : a sophisticated multifunctional material
G. xylinus is found in nature on rotting fruits and a variety of niches that have fixed carbon in the form of sugars or alcohol. It is a strict aerobe, and so in many cases it is present at the air–medium interface where its presence can be detected readily if it produces a cellulose film or pellicle. The production of cellulose characterizes this bacterium both in liquid medium, where it produces a thick pellicle on the air–liquid interface, and isolated cells where a cellulose ribbon can be clearly seen attached to the long side of the cell.
In shaking cultures of G. xylinus, cellulose is produced as spherical or star-shaped structures in place of the matlike pellicle that is produced in stationary cultures. In addition, the amount of cellulose produced in shaking cultures is less than what is produced in stationary cultures. Another feature observed in shaking cultures is the presence, at a much higher frequency, of cells that do not produce a cellulose pellicle (Valla et al. 2009). The presence of these cells in large numbers makes the culture medium turbid.
Römling, and M. Gomelsky. 2006. The PilZ domain is a receptor for the second messenger c-di-GMP: the PilZ domain protein YcgR controls motility in enterobacteria. J. Biol. Chem. 281:30310–30314. Saxena, I. , and R. M. Brown, Jr. 1995. Identification of a second cellulose synthase gene (acsAII) in Acetobacter xylinum. J. Bacteriol. 177:5276–5283. Saxena, I. , and R. M. Brown, Jr. 2002. Cellulose synthase activity in E. coli. Paper presented at the 1st International Cellulose Conference, Nov. 6–8, 2002, Kyoto, Japan.
Bacterial nanocellulose : a sophisticated multifunctional material by Miguel Gama, Paul Gatenholm, Dieter Klemm